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CIRED (International Centre for Research on Environment and Development)

UMR (Joint Research Unit) AgroParisTech, Cirad, CNRS, École des Ponts ParisTech, École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)

General scientific orientation

The work of CIRED is marked by the challenge that oversaw its foundation by Ignacy Sachs in 1973 : responding to the theories of the Club of Rome concerning limitations to growth, through strategies harmonizing environment and development, now widely known as sustainable development. The relationships between environment, resources and development, particularly in the critical domains of energy, urban infrastructures and agricultural activities, are at the heart of the scientific approach of CIRED, an approach based on dialog between the social, earth, life and engineering sciences.
Since 1996, CIRED has been one of the teams most involved in the work of the International Climate Change Expert Group (GIEC). Four members of the team were authors on the 5th report, in which 105 different publications were cited. CIRED is also a member of the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) of Stanford University and the Low Carbon Society Research Network (LCS-RNet). Its partners include, in particular, the Postdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (Postdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany), the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA, Austria), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ, Brazil), the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA, India), the Hanoi University of Science and Technology (USTH, Vietnam) and Resources for the Future (RFF, USA).

Fields of research

CIRED explores the connections between environment and development through three axes of research :

Links between environment and development at the sectorial scale

- Energy transition

  • Renewable energy source use and policy
  • Governance of electrical networks
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy demand and fuel poverty

- Sustainable towns and territories

  • Sustainable transport and mobility
  • Prospects for electric vehicles

- Agriculture, water, biodiversity and land use

  • Land use, global changes and biodiversity
  • Management of water resources
  • Development and conservation
  • Biodiversity evaluation and policies

Links between environment and development at the global scale

- Climate change and development strategies

  • Evaluation of climate policies at the global scale
  • Links between attenuation and development at country scale (France, Brazil, South Africa, China, India, etc.)
  • Adaptation to climate change

- Transverse themes on sustainable development

  • Investment and funding needs for the transition to low-carbon systems
  • Environmental, distribution and fairness policies
  • Environmental policies and competitiveness

Deliberation and decision-making for sustainable development

  • Controversial decisions
  • Role and use of economic analysis in decision-making
  • Processes for the spread of innovations
  • Economics and political economics in climate negotiations

Methods and tools

The CIRED uses a large panoply of methods and tools to analyze these issues :

- Prospective modeling

  • Integrated modeling (Imaclim, Response)
  • Sectorial models (Nedum, Nexus LAndUse, ResIRF, SMA & SIG)

- Economic analysis

  • Applied microeconomics ; game theory ; experimental economics ; macroeconomics

- Qualitative methods

  • Sociological approaches ; historical approaches ; institutionalistic and neoinstitutionalistic economics

For more information
Publications
- Check out the open access publications of CIRED on HAL-AgroParisTech :
https://bit.ly/2TQB9Uf
and
https://bit.ly/2YaNNvK
- Check out the open access collection of CIRED on HAL-AgroParisTech

Contact details
carciofi chez centre-cired.fr
www.centre-cired.fr
+ 33 (0)1 43 94 73 73

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